A few of us in the Tinkering Studio are big fans of the podcast 99% Invisible, a show that dissects hidden aspects of design that surrounds us in everyday life. In one of the most recent episodes, Roman and the crew delve into the fascinating and sometimes seedy world of pinball machines over the last hundred years in recognition of their recent legalization in the city of Oakland.
One of the prominent guests on the show was tinkering studio artist-in-residence Micheal Scheiss who's Surf Champ visible pinball machine has been a highlight of the south gallery since our move to Pier 15. It was really cool to hear him on the podcast and learn more about the history of these amazing machines. And if you want more pinball goodness be sure to visit Micheal's Pacific Pinball Museum in Alameda.
Happy to announce that EUPHRATES (the artist group who did Pythagora Switch chain reaction video in Japan) is visiting Tinkering Studio next summer for two weeks through our artist-in-residence program! In preparation for welcoming their residence here, I wanted to share some more of their work so that we would be a little more familiar with their work before they come.
Here are some videos that they sent us a while ago. They made these short films in collaboration with researchers from the National Institute for Material Science (NIMS) in Japan, and at that time it didn't have English subtitles... but now the videos got English subtitles so that people outside of Japan would enjoy them!
The first one is about superconductivity, and the second one is about shape memory wire. They are both great, not so instructional (I'm saying that as a compliment;-) but rather inspiring and delightful! The videos definitely ignite our curiosities and make us think about what else we can do using these materials.
Anyway, check these out:
The contraption with a candle and a small car reminds me of their Pythagora Switch chain reaction contraption. It would be cool to be able to incorporate this kind of interesting (but still rare) materials into our chain reaction activity in the future! We're so excited to having EUPHRATES as artist-in-residence here in Tinkering Studio. Can't wait to see what they will be working on with us!
Related blog posts about EUPHRATES:
Nice to meet you EUPHRATES (8/11/2014)
A neat stereoscopic book (8/12/2014)
Biological motion in animation (8/15/2014)
We've been interested in biohacking and biomimicry as possible ways to foster collaboration between us and the life sciences group here at the Explo and to expand the range of topics covered in tinkering studio. Over the summer, we collaborated with an artist-in-residence, Juanita Schlaepfer, who wanted to share some workshops that she has been experimenting with that coincidentally made use of one of the most popular residents of the exploratorium's east gallery.
But first, a little primer about biomimicry and biohacking and how those topics might relate to some of the projects and activities that we present in our tinkering workshop. A few weeks ago Chris Allen from Biomimcry 3.8 presented at the museum, although I didn't make it to the brownbag, I did some research about the group and think their site has a good description of the field which "is about looking to nature for inspiration for new inventions”. I also specifically like the blending of the fields of technology and biology. I think that tinkering, at it's heart, is about pushing the boundaries of cross-disciplinary collaboration and this seems to be an exciting way of expanding those possibilities.
Our first experiment with biomimicry and biohacking involved inviting Juanita Schlaepfer to the tinkering studio for an brief artist residency. I didn't know this before her visit, but Jaunita was one of the first women to work in the machine shop so her roots at the museum, if you'll pardon the pun, go deep. She is currently involved in planning workshops with a plant science education group in Zurich who want to figure out interesting ways to get the public thinking about plants. As a subject for one of her workshops, she's picked the mimosa plant, known for "rapid plant movement" which means it shrinks or folds when touched.
So we borrowed a few mimosa plants from the biology lab and set her up on a workbench in the tinkering studio. The biolab uses the plants in the exhibit "mimosa house" which rotates them so that visitors can experience the "shrinking" effects without over stimulating the leaves. She also wanted to check out the copper tape that we use for paper circuits and some of the colorful plastic bags that we use for fusing.
We were surprised and delighted to watch her work unfold in the studio and after a couple days we all came together to check out the ideas and discuss what she had tried and what ways we might contribute. The basic idea behind the project was that the copper tape connected to resistance detectors on the plant so that as the mimosa moved, different signals could be sent to a computer fan inflating a plastic bag sculpture. So the actual biological process of the plant's response to stimulus could be observed and transformed into a controlling mechanism for a synthetic inflatable art piece that would mimic or reverse the movements of the plant.
It didn't work perfectly but the idea was there. Juanita shared how in her workshops she has tried some kids focus lots of energy on the wiring up of the plants as well as manipulating the electronics and programming of the sensors while others worked diligently on the more aesthetically rewarding aspect of the plastic fused creation. This sounded like a lot of tinkering activities where people decide on their own starting point. I also liked how this type of activity could inspire more tinkering at home. Juanita showed us some results of a project she contributed to called bugnplay where kids worked on their own biomimicry inspired projects and developed some amazingly intricate devices.
I'm not sure where we'll take these ideas but it's definitely inspiring to get a glimpse at a different way of tinkering and brainstorm ways that we can take the topic and collaborate with people near and far.
Last month when we traveled to Seattle for a tinkering workshop, we stopped by the Big Brained Superhero Club, which is a really cool after-school program where youth engage in all sorts of STEAM activities. We met with the program leaders at the amazing Ada's Techincal Books and Cafe and chatted about the similarities between our programs and ways to collaborate long distance.
And as a first attempt to work on something together, a week or two after our visit, we got a few example logic gate kits in the mail from our friends up north. As a admitted novice in the world of electronics I didn't previously know what a logic gate was but after some extensive googling, help from others in the LS and a few obscure philosophical references, I think I began to get an general idea.
So as far as I understand, logic gates are elementary blocks of programming where two inputs perform some sort of logical function. Or in terms that are more related to the circuit board set, an "or" gate would have two switches where either one could turn on a light. An "and" gate would be where both switches need to be pressed together to trigger a light. There's also a "nor" gate (an inverted "or" gate) where the light only turns on when neither switch is pressed.
The 'Big Brain' kits included a breadboard, wires, LEDs and instructions on how to put everything together. With our limited experience building electronic components it was a little difficult. But with some teamwork and careful placements of wires, we got the components working pretty well. There were three LEDs on each board that corresponded to the two inputs and the output and once everything was in order we were able to switch out the LEDs and switches for other inputs and outputs.
Building the kit was a good experience, but for me I wanted to mess around with something more basic and easier to understand. I looked up logic gates in Forrest M. Mims III circuit guide books and found a simple diagram of the "and" and "or" switches. I used two momentary switches and constructed two circuit board blocks that could be combined with the rest of the set. However, I am still a little unsure of the "why" behind doing this activity. While programing and systems thinking are interesting topics, I wonder what the intrinsic motivation for people to play with them could be. It would be nice to find an activity where people have a reason to use these systems and are not just building them because we tell them to.
One possibility is using the concept of physical logic gates as an element in a chain reaction activity. I can imagine a part of the machine where something would need two triggers to get activated. Also there's the possibility of a "fail safe" chain reaction piece where either one of two inputs could independently activate the next step. As well, homemade switches built into the chain reaction could utilize these ideas electronically as part of their contraption. Once we start prototyping on the floor, we'll see if these boards could be an interesting addition to the activity.
We love laser engraving!
We've been laser engraving on wood and plastics and they have been great when we make signs/signage in the Tinkering Studio. Lately I've been experimenting with filling some paint in engraving so that the letters (or designs) will have additional uniqueness rather than just having scorched or burned color. And here is the method that I've found so far that seems working well, and want to share it with you!
Laser engrave! This part requires some adjustment with the laser cutter setting, especially the depth of the engraved gutter is important. If it came out shallow, you can engrave the same piece one more time (but don't move the piece at all!) and make the gutter deeper enough to fill the paint in it.
Apply the same varnish in the gutter. (I find this process is skip-able. Sometime, your tape gets too wet because of the varnish and won't work well later when you try filling the paint.) Let it dry well.
The same technique could be used for more detailed drawings like this. White masking tape also worked well.
Just be careful not to make any gap between the tape (Avoid overlapping the tape, because that will make the gutter depth different).
I like how it turned out. It definitely takes more time than simple engraving, but gives a little more uniqueness to your design and make it less laser-cut looking. You can try it with different paint colors on various kinds of wood and find your favorite combinations!